Nanophysics is the study of the physical properties of materials at the nanoscale, which is typically defined as 1-100 nanometers. At this scale, the properties of materials can be very different from those of the same materials at larger scales. This is because the laws of quantum mechanics start to become important at the nanoscale. Nanophysics is a rapidly growing field of research with the potential to revolutionize many aspects of our lives.
The potential applications of nanophysics are:
To create new types of electronic devices, such as transistors, batteries, fuel cells & solar cells
To clean up pollution or to remove harmful chemicals from the environment.
To deliver drugs to specific cells in the body, or to image diseases.